Solar Power for Dos Arbolitos

Pursuing our off-grid adventure in the Big Bend Valley section of Terlingua Ranch continues to be a journey of learning and discovery. When we started this journey we knew that we would need water catchment and solar power for our cabin. Our property is located far from grid power and in an area where it is too costly to drill a water well.

We had our water catchment tank installed last month. Our tank is fed by seamless gutters. Using a water catchment calculator, I estimated that 1-inch of rain on our 420 square foot roof will capture as many as 260 gallons of water. We had a desert storm that blew through our area last month, dumping lots of rain and pea-size hail. Our tank went from empty to nearly the 300-gallon mark.

This past month we finally had our solar panels installed by the folks at Green Desert Living. We purchased six 310 watt solar panels, an inverter / charge controller, and eight 100 amp storage batteries. Our solar system will enable us to run a small window unit air conditioner during the day, our dorm fridge day and night, our LED lights, fans, and provide juice for my power tools. We also have the option of charging our batteries with our generator.

We had the solar panels installed behind our cabin on the north side of our property. Our panels face due south and are angled to capture optimum sunlight during daylight hours. The night after our panels were installed we had a pretty fierce desert storm complete with hail. Thankfully our solar panels survived both the wind and the hail. Happy about that!

In preparation for our solar installation, I framed out a closest specifically for our solar system. I lined the walls with plywood rather than drywall to make it easier to affix our inverter / charge controller and other items to the wall. Having these items in the closet will make it handy for me to monitor our inverter during the day.

Having power in our cabin is a huge step toward enjoying our little place. And getting free power directly from the sun is pretty cool. Our investment will enable us to enjoy years of free power. And on those occasions when we have cloudy skies, I can still top off our batteries by using our generator. Either way, we now have power at Dos Arbolitos.

Later on I will add a small solar system to provide power to our container. I have already purchased what I need to provide lights and to power a fan in our container. These two things alone will be a big help in making our container workshop more comfortable. And, the thought of doing this on free power makes it all the sweeter.

We are enjoying our off-grid adventure. I am thankful for the folks who have shared about their off grid adventures on their respective YouTube channels. We continue to learn a lot from their successes and mistakes. Thank you for sharing your wisdom.

Every improvement that we make on our place gets us a step closer to the day we can just show up and enjoy ourselves without having to address a long list of projects. We are now several steps closer to that day. Thanks for following our journey. More to come!

The Western Horse Lubber Grasshopper

I met some new neighbors during my recent stay at our off-grid cabin in Big Bend — non-human neighbors to be more precise. Recent rains contributed to an active population of Western Horse Lubber Grasshoppers. These conspicuously large grasshoppers are hard to miss.

The Horse Lubber is one of the largest grasshopper species in North America. Females are generally larger than males and can grow as long as 3.5 inches. Their habitat ranges from the Chihuahuan Desert of Big Bend and Mexico all the way to New Mexico and southern Arizona.

Horse Lubbers come by their name honestly. From the side, their head resembles a horse’s head complete with a bridle. The red coloration on the underside of their hind wings earned them the popular name Mexican General because of the similar coloring to the Mexican military uniform of old.
Their black coloration with yellow racing stripes, yellow-veined wings, and yellow or orange ringed antennae make them distinctive. This aposematic coloration serves to warn predators that they are not good to eat. This coloration and a toxic chemical secretion they exude from their abdomens are their main forms of defense.

Although they are not good to eat, Horse Lubbers love to eat. They feed on the flowers, seeds, and foliage of low-growing summer desert annuals. They are also opportunistic and cannibalistic carnivores that will eat the cadavers of other insects, including their own species.

Horse Lubbers are too bulky to fly, although males can coast short distances with their slightly longer wings. Their oversized hind-legs do enable them to cover distances up to 20 times their own length in a single jump.

Because they can’t fly and move slowly, Horse Lubbers are especially vulnerable. To avoid being eaten by nocturnal ground predators, Horse Lubbers will roost at night near the tops of desert shrubs. The following morning they descend once again to the desert floor to look for food.

I don’t have a garden at Dos Arbolitos, our little place in Big Bend, so I am not worried about having so many Horse Lubbers hanging around. In fact, I rather like their presence. They remind me that I am actually the intruder in the place they have called home far longer than me. I aim to get along with all of my neighbors — Horse Lubbers included.

Progress on Our Off-Grid Cabin

I have just returned home after spending two weeks alone at Dos Arbolitos, our off-grid property in the Chihuahuan Desert. With the exception of a few visits with and from neighbors in the Big Bend Valley section of Terlingua Ranch, I was pretty much alone.

Screen time on my phone was down a whopping 62% — listening to music and using my Bible reading app accounting for the remainder of the time. For the most part, I enjoyed the absence of distractions and savored the opportunity to think deeply about so many things.

My goal for these two weeks was to continue working on the inside of our cabin, build an outdoor structure for a composting toilet and shower, address some erosion near our front gate, and have our solar power system installed. I am happy to say that I have checked these items off of my to-do list.

My first order of business was to frame our bathroom walls and solar storage closet and to hang the doors to each of these spaces. Once I framed the 14-foot long wall, I realized I needed help to get it up and in place, so I asked my neighbors Joe and Lisa for help (check out their Full Vegan YouTube channel).

Joe and Lisa moved to the Big Bend Valley from Minnesota and own 20 acres to the east of me in the shadow of Nine Point Mesa. They have an amazing set of off-grid skills and are always ready and willing to lend a hand. They did not hesitate to drive over to help me lift the wall into place.

Once the wall was in place and securely anchored, I decked the area immediately above for some much-needed storage. I wired in a bathroom light, added the remaining sheets of drywall, and hung the doors. Finally, I started the process of taping and floating — followed by sanding and then more floating and feathering out the seams, followed by more sanding.

With the drywall completed, I mixed a bucket of joint compound and used my texture sprayer to add a light orange peel texture to the walls. Once I got the consistency right, it took me less than half an hour to texture the walls. I am happy with the look of the texture. Later I will frame the doors and windows and install bead board wainscoting to all of the walls.

When I return to Dos Arbolitos I will add R-19 insulation to the ceiling and use corrugated tin to cover our ceiling. I will change our one-bulb ceramic light fixtures with LED fixtures and then add trim along the ceiling to wall transition. Kitchen cabinets will come next with the floor install as the final step in the process.
One thing is certain, there is never a shortage of projects in an off-grid setting. I enjoyed working from sunrise to sunset each day. I spent each night on my front porch, enjoying the magnificent Big Bend sunsets and night sky blanketed with stars from horizon to horizon. And, I slept peacefully. The solitude and silence of the desert is indeed a gift.

Ganado Cafe

When it comes to Texas towns with interesting names, Ganado is surely on the list. Located just a few miles east of Edna on Highway 59, Ganado is the second largest town in Jackson County. Ganado had its humble beginnings when a few cabins at the site of the present town came to be called Mustang Settlement, after nearby Mustang Creek. The early settlers were largely cattle ranchers who either drove their herds to New Orleans over the Old Spanish Trail or to northern markets in Kansas City.

In 1881, the Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio Railway laid track near Mustang Settlement. A company official looked out the window of his rail car and observed a large herd of cattle. He casually remarked that the place should be called Ganado instead — the Spanish word for ”herd.” The name stuck and the rest is history. Sometime in 1882 the railroad built a station at Ganado and the town grew around it. A post office was established the following year.

The Ganado Cafe is one of the local businesses that has served the town for years. Located on a main thoroughfare through town, the cafe remains a popular eatery that serves up delicious meals to locals and passers-through alike. Not a very big place, it has retained its original footprint next to the town movie theater.

While on a road trip from Katy to the Rio Grande Valley, I decided to veer off Highway 59 to grab an early lunch in Ganado. When I arrived I was the first lunch-time customer of the day — although folks were already phoning in orders. It would not take long, though, before a steady stream of locals dropped in for lunch.

I ordered my usual bacon cheeseburger with a side of onion rings. I opted for water instead of iced tea since I had a large Buc-ee’s fountain drink waiting for me in my truck. I ordered my burger on a sourdough rather than a regular bun. This was definitely a very good choice.

While I waited for my burger, I perused a wall of historic photos of the town, including an old black and white pic taken of the interior of the cafe sometime, I figure, in the 1940’s. I love old photographs — pics planned and taken intentionally in the days before smart phone cameras turned all of us into amateur photographers.

As for the burger, my first glance told me it was going to be good. Wrapped in gingham paper, it looked great and smelled delicious. The meat patty was generous, the veggies fresh, and the bacon crisp. One bite is all it took to convince me that I had made the right call to take a detour into Ganado. The onion rings were mighty tasty as well.

I have to confess that I could not finish my burger, something that rarely happens. Delicious as it was, it was just far bigger than my appetite. I hated to walk away and leave the last third on the plate but, alas, I was stuffed and had no more room. I did manage to eat all of the onion rings, however.

All things considered, I am really glad to have discovered the Ganado Cafe and have added it to my list of places I would like to visit again. I hope that if you find yourself anywhere near Ganado at lunch time (or anytime) that you too will veer off the main road and wander down to this quaint small-town eatery. You will not be disappointed!

Terlingua Ranch Community Church

Terlingua Ranch is situated in the heart of Big Bend. This is rugged terrain by any measure, complete with iconic vistas that take your imagination captive. The Chihuahuan Desert with its distant purple-hued and silhouetted mesas is a beautiful place — but also one that demands respect. The flora and fauna that call this place home survive because they have adapted to the harsh environment.

The same can be said of the people who call Terlingua home. Folks out here know the challenges of living in a hard place. A combination of high levels of resiliency and resourcefulness are an absolute must. Determination and grit are also essential. And, as evidenced by old churches like the historic St. Agnes Church in Terlingua Ghost Town, faith also plays an important role.

On our recent visit to Dos Arbolitos, our off-grid property in the Big Bend Valley, Cheryl and I visited Terlingua Ranch Community Church. The church is located at the foot of a rocky hill on Church Road about a mile from the Terlingua Ranch headquarters. The small parking lot can accommodate a few vehicles and the hitching posts more than a few horses.

When we arrived, Pastor Hat Bailey greeted us warmly and invited us in. Ceiling fans turned slowly overhead, just enough to keep the place comfortable, as we took our seats on the wooden pew. But, just in case we needed a little more air, thy hymnal racks in front of us were stocked with funeral fans with a painting of Jesus as the Good Shepherd.

Pastor Hat (love his name) wore more than one hat. He led the singing, the prayer time, the observance of the Lord’s Supper, and also did the preaching. A tall, thin man with a soothing voice, he led with passion and conviction. His message on prayer was spot on — a really good word that reflected some deep thinking.

Afterward, we stayed around for a brief business meeting before joining Pastor Hat, Michael, and Beechie for lunch at the Bad Rabbit Cafe at the nearby Terlingua Ranch headquarters. We enjoyed hearing the stories of how each of these men ended up in Terlingua. Every one of us at the table have developed the same love for this amazing part of the Lone Star State.

We also learned that the church never locks its doors. That’s largely because the church has a modest little food pantry where locals in need can stop by to get a few cans of grub to help them make it through lean times. All they ask is that folks write down what they took so that the pantry can be restocked. Stuff you can eat right out of the can and that doesn’t really require cooking is best.

What was most obvious to us is how much Pastor Hat and our new friends love the people of Terlingua. While Terlingua Ranch Community Church is not and likely never will be a ”big” church, it is undeniably a church with a big heart. We look forward to visiting and worshiping again with our new friends.

Water Catchment at Dos Arbolitos

The Chihuahuan Desert is the largest desert in North America. One of the challenges of living off the grid in a desert region is water. Drilling wells is expensive, and in this part of the desert there is no guarantee that if you find water it will be entirely potable. Because of its geological past, there is the presence of brackish water throughout the Big Bend of Texas.

There are several sources of water in the Chihuahuan Desert, especially in Big Bend. The Rio Grande River, even in dry times, is an ever-reliable source of water. Terlingua Creek, a tributary of the Rio Grande, as well as desert streams and arroyos also do their part to help hydrate the flora and fauna of this arid region.

The annual rainfall in Big Bend is somewhere around 12-inches per year. For off-gridders in the area, this rainfall (even if intermittent) presents the opportunity to resupply their water catchment tanks. I know that 12-inches does not sound like a lot of rain, but 12-inches of rain captured on just 500 square feet of roofing can yield as many as 3,700 gallons of water.

One of the considerations when ordering our cabin was the roof. Like so many roofs in the Big Bend area, we have a standing seam metal roof on our cabin especially for the purpose of rain catchment. We also purchased a 1,125 gallon water catchment tank fed by seamless gutters. We calculate that 1-inch of rain on our 420 square foot roof will capture as many as 260 gallons of water.

In preparation for the placement of our water catchment tank, Cheryl and I built a raised pad of tamped earth and pea gravel held in place by treated lumber. I will later add railroad ties to countersunk trenches around the pad to further strengthen it.



The good folks at Green Desert Living did a great job of installing our seamless gutters and feeding them into our tank with 2-inch PVC pipe. And now, we wait for rain, any rain, to start the process of filling our tank.


Advice on water catchment that I have received from several neighbors is to capture more than we will need. Good advice. We have the option of adding additional water storage in the future and likely will do so.

One of the things we did during our first week in our cabin was to recycle and reuse every precious drop of water. We captured the water from our foot-pump sink and used it to fill the tank on our camp toilet. We used the water we emptied from our ice chest to refill the tank on our foot-pump sink and to refill the two-gallon container on our off-grid shower. We used safe gray water to water the small trees around our cabin.

It really is amazing how much you can get done if you ration and use water wisely. For example, we showered all week with about 5-gallons of water. My camp shower is efficient, got us clean, and helped us to do so with little water wasted. The same with our efficiently designed flushing camp toilet — 5-gallons took care of our needs all week.

Learning to live off the grid is about the wise use of all resources, especially water. We know we have a lot more to learn and are excited about this new adventure. We are having the time of our lives learning to do new, and hard things, in our sixties.

Never stop learning and doing hard things. This is the best way to stay young! And, in the words of Toby Keith’s song, “Don’t Let the Old Man In.” Thanks for following our adventure.

Our Off-Grid Cabin Delivered

“The health of the eye,” said Emerson, “seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough.” I think that is why I am drawn to the Big Bend of Texas. There is something about the expansive views in this wide part of the state that is hard to put into words — but that the heart understands.

Almost a year and a half has passed since we bought our little place in Terlingua Ranch. When we first set foot on what was to become our property, Cheryl and I were instantly captivated by the beauty of the surrounding mesas and mountains. Rising above a sea of creosote bushes and stands of ocotillo stretching spiny fingers toward the sky, these distant vistas made our eyes feel good, really good.

This past week we took another big step in our off-grid journey — the delivery of our cabin. We bought a Derksen cabin from the good folks at Green Desert Living. We added some larger windows to enjoy the views of Black Hill and Nine Point Mesa, two of the most iconic landmarks in the Big Bend Valley.

The delivery of the cabin went without a hitch. Johnny, the delivery guy, maneuvered the cabin with total precision into the area I had cleared on my previous visit to the property. Our larger windows look out toward Nine Point Mesa to the East and our front porch faces Red Bluff and the Christmas Mountains to the South.

Our neighbors, Joe and Lisa, showed up to watch the delivery. Joe has a YouTube Channel called Full Vegan on which he chronicles their off-grid journey in the Big Bend Valley. I have followed them from the start. Joe and Lisa have acquired many off-grid talents. Joe included some footage of our place on his post entitled Deliveries in the Valley at 5 minutes and 35 seconds into the video.

Joe helped me get our air conditioner set up and then wired our generator to the electrical box on our cabin. We will use the generator during the day until we get our solar panels and batteries installed. Loved having cool air during the hottest part of the day. The nights were remarkably pleasant.

Cheryl and I spent the week working on the inside of our cabin. We insulated all of the walls and added sheetrock. I will return later to frame out our bathroom and to tape, float, texture and add wainscoting. We also got a lot done outside the cabin. We are shredding the dead stuff around the property to experiment with making our own mulch and compost.

Perhaps the best part of the day came after all of the hard work. We loved sitting on the front porch, enjoying the evening breeze as the light of day faded and the evening stars and the Milky Way made their appearance. There are no words to describe the beauty of the night sky in Big Bend, regarded one of the darkest places in the nation. The night sky is absolutely crowded with stars.

We are loving our adventure at Dos Arbolitos. Some might not understand what it is about the Chihuahuan Desert that we find so enchanting. A Terlingua Proverb sums it up best: From the outside looking in, you don’t understand it. From the inside looking out, you can’t explain it. We are definitely happy and blessed to be on the inside looking out. Loving the adventure.

The Cheerful Black-Eyed Susan

I love wildflowers. On a recent bike ride down the bayou trails in Katy, my path was flanked by blankets of cheerful Black-Eyed Susan flowers. And even though this happy little plant was adopted as the state flower of Maryland in 1918, I am happy that it has found a home in the Lone Star State as well. Here are five quick facts about this sunny flower.

1. This flower has a very interesting name.
The scientific name of this flower is Rudbeckia, in honor of Olaus Rudbeck, a famous Swedish botanist who died in 1702. How cool to have a cheerful flower and not a weed named after you. As for its common name, no one really knows for certain where it came from. In some circles it is referred to as the Brown-Eyed Susan or Gloriosia Daisy.

2. This happy flower comes from a cheerful family.
The Black-Eyed Susan has the characteristics of a daisy. That’s because it is a member of the daisy family, hence the name Gloriosia Daisy. It most commonly appears dressed in various shades of yellow but also in golden and orange shades as well, each variety with its distinctive dark centers. Like a daisy, its brightly-colored petals just make me smile.

3. Native Americans found medicinal value in this plant.

Like so many other plants, the Black-Eyed Susan has medicinal value. American Indians used the root of the plant to make a tea to treat for worms. They also consumed this tea to treat cold and flu symptoms. Juice made from the root was also used to treat earaches. They processed other parts of the plant to wash sores and to treat snakebites and swelling, making this happy plant a helpful one as well.

4. This cheerful flower is attractive to pollinators.
Butterflies and bees love the Black-Eyed Susan and serve as the main pollinators of this plant. Birds, deer, rabbits, and other wildlife are drawn to this plant as a source of food. Birds especially enjoy the ripe seeds found in the eye or cone of the plant. Black-Eyed Susan also serves as a nursery. The Silvery Checkerspot butterfly lays its eggs on the plant. The petals then serve as a source of food for the caterpillars after hatching.

5. Variety is the spice of life.
The versatile and drought-resistant Black-Eyed Susan plants are at home in prairies and meadows as well as home gardens. There are an estimated 90 varieties of Black-Eyed Susan, many cultivated for use in bouquets of flowers. Varieties include Indian Summer, Goldstrum, and Denver Daisies to name a few. Cut flowers added to a bouquet of flowers will easily last a week or longer.

Site Prep Work at Dos Arbolitos

Finding time to travel from Katy to Dos Arbolitos, our off-grid property in Big Bend, is not always easy — but it is necessary. This week I made a quick trip to our little slice of heaven in the Chihuahuan Desert. Only in Texas can you refer to a 10-hour one way trip as quick.

Because Dos Arbolitos is just shy of 600-miles from our front door, we have to make every trip count and get as much done as possible. The top two things on my list this week were to order our cabin and to do the site prep work on our property. Getting our cabin on the property is the next step in our unfolding off-grid adventure.

Cheryl and I decided to purchase a made-to-order Derksen cabin. After lots of research and personally walking in and out of lots of different models, we settled on what we wanted. Fortunately for us, Green Desert Living, a Derksen dealer located on Highway 118 between Alpine and Terlingua, is just a few miles from our property. Really nice and knowledgeable folks!
We ordered a 14 x 30 foot painted cabin from Green Desert Living. We added some bigger windows on what will be the East side of our cabin in order to enjoy the views of Nine Point Mesa and Black Hill. We also added the electrical package that will allow us to tie in to our solar panels. The metal roof will drain into seamless gutters that will channel rainfall into our water catchment container.

In order to get ready for delivery of our cabin in July, I had to take advantage of my time to do the site prep work. I could have paid a guy to bring in a dozer to clear the spot where we want to place our cabin. Instead, I opted to save some money by doing the work myself. Fortunately for me, a brief rain on Monday softened the ground just enough to make my land-clearing job just a little easier.

After a day and a half of hard work under the hot Chihuahuan Desert sun, I finished the task. The site is now cleared and accessible and fairly level. The front door of our cabin will face South toward Red Bluff. Once the cabin is on-site, then Cheryl and I will work to finish the inside a little at a time. Our goal is to make our little place cozy and comfortable.

We are excited about finally having a place that will allow us to stay on-site when we visit our property. This will make it possible for us to save money when we visit. The thought of getting to stay at Dos Arbolitos where we can cook our own meals, sleep in own bed (cots in the meantime), enjoy the magnificent views of the surrounding mesas and mountains, and look up into the most awe-inspiring sky at night is a really good feeling.

Cheryl and I are excited to watch things unfold in such a good way. We are grateful for the gift of Dos Arbolitos and hope to enjoy many good days there for years to come. Thanks for following our adventure.

Water for Dos Arbolitos

Dos Arbolitos, our off-grid property in the Big Bend Valley section of Terlingua Ranch offers some of the most spectacular views of the surrounding mesas and mountains. Evenings come complete with breathtaking sunsets followed by dark skies brush-stroked with the unmistakable shades of the Milky Way.

The one thing we don’t have on our little slice of the Chihuahuan Desert is a well or running water. No worries! Water is available. A lot of the folks doing the off-grid lifestyle in Big Bend depend on water catchment. And even though this area only gets an average rainfall of twelve inches a year, it is possible to harvest lots of water.

Water harvesting starts with having a metal roof that drains into gutters that channel rainfall into water storage containers. One inch of rainfall on 600 square feet of roofing can yield almost 400 gallons of water. Not bad! That is why it is important to have all of the rainwater harvesting components in place.

Cheryl and I hope to have our little cabin on site in a few months - complete with metal roof. Our first priority will be to have seamless gutters installed so that we can harvest rainfall. We will start with our 330-gallon container and then add another 750 to 1,000 gallons of storage. In the meantime, we will install two 55-gallon containers to capture any overflow from our 330-gallon container.

In order to have access to our water, I added spigots to our 55-gallon containers — a fun do-it-yourself project that took less than an hour to complete. Here are the simple steps to adding a spigot to a rain barrel.

I started by cleaning out the container which was previously used to store soap. Then I measured a line from one of the access ports on the top of the barrel down the side to the bottom of the barrel. I then used a 1⅜ paddle bit to drill a hole four inches up from the bottom to allow room for the spigot and attaching a water hose.

I lowered a piece of rope from the access port on top and fished out the rope through the hole I drilled at the bottom. I then slid the inside half of a bulkhead fitting down the rope, fished the threaded end through the hole at the bottom, and then threaded the outside half of the fitting and tightened it. This fitting uses a lefty-tighty configuration.

Once I tightened the bulkhead fitting, I wrapped the male end of the spigot with teflon tape and threaded it onto the fitting and tightened it with a wrench. That’s it! I added some water into the barrel to test and make sure there were no leaks and then turned on the spigot. Worked beautifully! Since this is a gravity-fed spigot, the water flowed slowly but surely. I added a bead of silicone around the fittings as a final measure to prevent any leaks.

These barrels will buy us a little time as we take the next steps and consider exactly what size water storage container we will add later in the year. We should have plenty of water for our occasional visits and also to give the surrounding trees a little drink as well.

Cheryl and I are definitely enjoying our new adventure and learning along the way. We look forward to many years of enjoying the mesas and mountains and Milky Way at Dos Arbolitos. Thanks for following our adventure.